Livestock is a rising sector as its contribution to the national economy is growing continuously. Apart from this, livestock is an active employer of thousands of landless poor, subsistence and semi-subsistence small farmer families. In short, livestock and its products are directly linked to the economy of small and medium-sized farmers. It is a major source of active food and adds significantly to the health, nutrition, and wellbeing of rural as well as urban consumers. Despite the critical importance of the subjected sector, its achievements, problems, and future prospects are not emphasized in the overall developmental plans. In a country like Pakistan, data regarding livestock is not readily available and is mostly scattered. Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Azad Jammu & Kashmir is rendering different services to the livestock sector of the province through its infrastructure network in the field. In addition to the efforts being done at the government level, more focus is required to promote the livestock sector on market-oriented and demand-driven basis both in the public and private sectors for socio-economic uplift of the rural masses for achieving the ultimate goal of poverty alleviation.